ANALYTICS Fall 2024
Logic, Reason and Knowledge
Time: MONDAY 3PM
Instructor:James Lyons-Weiler, PhD
Place: ONLINE ZOOM
Office Hours: Via EMAIL AND AFTER CLASS
CAUSALITY Coffee Hour: Fridays 10AM ET
1.To review how different cultures and schools of thought view logic, reason and causality.
2.To investigate ways of knowing used and abused in various domains in which conclusions are a currency.
3.To help you empower yourself to know and view valid inferences about reality and draw your own conclusions.
Logic is the study of inference. It offers ways of analyzing the structure of inferences and has evolved over eon. The specific linguistic and mathematical tools for representing arguments in symbolic form have evolved over time. In the end, causality is often at stake, and the ability to carry the day often involves misleading and misdirection. Students will master methods that demarcate valid and invalid reasoning. In this course we will study formal and symbolic logic to discover how to identify a valid argument, classify and understand valid inferences such as analogy, invalidation, proof by contradiction, truth tables, and many other tools of the trade. We will examine evidences of causality and their relative strengths and weaknesses. Students will understand and be able to identify logical fallacies. In the final weeks, we will examine causal network theory and visit a theory of causal or liability attenuation and visit assessment of causality in complex, nonlinear dynamic systems.
Texts and Readings
Patrick Hurley, A Concise Introduction to Logic
IN-CLASS PARTICIPATION (25%)
Comprehensive final exam (25%)